Africana Journal Articles



Challenges faced by Head teachers in the Implementation of School Health and Hygiene Safety Guidelines in Public Primary Schools in Muranga South Sub-County, Kenya

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to examine the Challenges hindering the Implementation of School Health and Hygiene Safety Guidelines in Public Primary Schools in Muranga South Sub-County, Kenya. A convergent concurrent parallel mixed methods design was adopted for this study. The target population consisted the Head teachers, District Quality Assurance Officers (DQASO) and officers in the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MPH&S) in Muranga South Sub-County. The study employed stratified random sampling, proportionate, simple random and purposive sampling procedures to arrive at the samples of 35 schools, 35 head teachers, 3 DQASO and 3 MPH&S officers. Questionnaires and interview guides were used to collect data. Data were then analyzed using both Quantitative and Qualitative approaches and presented in form frequency tables, percentages and excerpts from interviews. The study findings revealed that a myriad of challenges had derailed the implementation of Health and Hygiene safety in the study schools including: lack of funds, lack of trained personnel, uncooperative parents, conflicting priorities, inadequate coordination and collaboration between stakeholders and inadequate monitoring and evaluation. The study recommended that: Emphasis should be placed towards provision of adequate funds and capacity building of head teachers; that DQASO and MPH&S officers should visit the schools more frequently to guide the Head teachers on effective and efficient way to implement Health and Hygiene safety programmes. The study further recommended that the school management committee, in collaboration with Ministry of Education (MOE) should establish forums to sensitize parents on the importance of supporting health and hygiene safety programmes in schools.

Keywords


School health and hygiene safety programs, Public Primary Schools, Funding of schools; Management of school programs; Muranga South Sub-County

Citation


Kinuthia, A.N., Nduku, E.N., & Kanga, A. (2023). Challenges faced by head teachers in the implementation of School Health and Hygiene Safety Guidelines in Public Primary Schools in Muranga South Sub-County, Kenya. Journal of Africana Articles, 4(6), 1-16